WHAT IS HAIR TRANSPLANT?
Hair transplant is a type of surgery which helps in restoring hair from a part of the body which is called as the donor site to the bald part which is called as the recipient site. Hair transplant is not only used for restoring hair on the head but also for eye lashes, eyebrows, chest hair, beard hair, and to fill hair on places where there is hair loss due to scars may be due to an operation or due to an accident.
For hair transplantation countries like USA, Turkey, Singapore and India are famous. Among these countries, India provides hair transplantation at an affordable cost. In India, you will get best and affordable hair transplant in Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore and Pune.
Different type of methods is available to treat this problem of hair loss. Mostly all transplant techniques include transferring hair–bearing skin from one part of the scalp and then grafting them to the part where there is hair loss.
The common type of transplant is male pattern baldness. However, this will not protect the patient from further hair loss. The transplant procedure only covers the bald scalp.
The male pattern baldness is a typical condition for most of the men. And just hair transplant is not the only way of treating the problem.The patient can undergo treatments which include the combination of both surgery and medical treatments, in order to slow down the balding process.
Now male or female pattern of hair loss affects only the top and front part of the scalp, as these parts contains receptors which are sensitive to the hormone that causes hair loss. Thus, generally during the transplant procedure hair is taken from the back or even from the side of the scalp and then transplanted to the top or front part of the scalp. The hair there after usually continues to grow and produces hair for life.
In the twenty first century, old punch graft techniques have become obsolete and is replaced by “mini and micro graft transplantation”. The modern hair transplant technique creates a perfectly natural appearance.
These days mini and micro graft technique helps single or group of two or three hairs to be replanted in the direction of the individual’s natural growth pattern.
MEDICAL TREATMENT OR SURGERY?
Now the question arises is if a patient really needs it or is it the best solution for the patient?
With the advance medical treatment, available transplant is not the only option available. Rather choosing the right combination of medically proven treatments will not only prevent further hair loss but will also regrow hair for many individuals. However, the results for a hair transplant is better.
METHODS OF HAIR TRANSPLANT
There are different methods of hair transplant. However, it is difficult to decide which method is the best hair transplant method. As everyone’s requirements differ. FUT and FUE are the most common techniques used these days. Apart from these two there are various other methods which are as follows:
- Robotic Hair Restoration
- Laser hair therapy
FOLLICULAR UNIT TRANSPLANTATION
It is a type of transplantation technique where thin strip of hair of the patient is removed from the donor region. The follicular unit contains oil glands, nerves, small muscles and fine vellus hair. Thus,these small units allows the surgeon to safely transplant lot many grafts in one single session, which helps in maximizing the cosmetic impact of the procedure. FUT is the most preferred technique by the doctors as it allows the physician to utilize the scalp area fully and also it delivers consistent results.
The pain or discomfort reported by patients undergoing FUT is more due to potential swelling in the area where strip of tissue was removed. The scar left by this method is very narrow linear scar at the back of the head.
FOLLICULAR UNIT EXTRACTION
In this technique one follicular unit is taken individually at a time directly from the scalp with no tissue strip being removed. Hair follicles are removed randomly due to which it results to less density in the donor region, which is not so noticeable.
In this method, no stiches are required and no scars are left.
WHY FUE IS BETTER THAT FUT
FUE has lot of advantages over FUT and thus it is one of the most important reason why FUE is more popular among people who are looking for hair transplant.
- FUE has minimal pain as in FUT there is swelling after the procedure
- Recovery speed is faster in FUE
- There are no visible scars
- Donor hair can be extracted from any other parts like beard, chest, legs, hands etc.
- Faster recovery rate
Apart from FUE and FUT there are various other techniques. However, these two techniques are most commonly available in India and are better proven by doctors.
LONG TERM OUTLOOK AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANT SURGERY
Most hair transplants are successful. However, it takes up to nine months before the hair takes roots and begins to grow back. It is also common for the transplant hair to fall off. However, the hair grows back. Once the hair regrows, the hair looks natural. Most scars are covered with hair and hard to see.