Reformations and discoveries have always been a thing when it comes to the health ministry. From old-school techniques and medieval practices to the latest researches have significantly influenced the medical field. Such one transformational discovery was the use of enzymes within the body to fight diseases or complex infections. The uses of enzymes have made drastic positive effects on the human body. There is high competition in producing enzyme-rich tablets and foods through the pharmaceutical and food industries. This also adds up to the country’s economy. Hence, the discovery of enzymes for the use of health benefits has a positive approach.
Role of an Enzyme
An enzyme is like a catalyst that speeds up cellular level reactions in our body. Most enzymes help in speeding up. However, some of these enzymes help in digestion. Deficiency in enzymes could result in serious diseases. Enzymes help break down complex structures to speed up the process. The only minimal quantity of these enzymes is needed for a reaction. Enzyme activity can be controlled in many ways. Let’s continue reading to know about application of enzymes in medical diagnosis.
Medical Application in Enzymes
Medical application in enzymes is coping up with the industrial use and management, showing significant effects, for example, digestive problems have been solved by using pancreatic enzymes. There are an enormous variety and combinations of enzymes out there. Since enzymes are biological catalysts and they can make a quite significant positive approach to metabolic diseases. However, they have a few drawbacks:
- The sizes of these enzymes are comparatively larger than the body’s cells. This accounts for one reason why genetic diseases have not had a significant impact from enzymes. Several methods are tried on to distribute the enzyme size.
- The enzymes being antigenic can extort the immune response to the body which can be life threatening causing severe allergic reactions on a periodic use. This is because these are foreign proteins to the body which the body cells are not used to being in. However, this can be prevented on a small scale that can distinguish the enzyme as a non-proteinaceous molecule. This modification of the same with polyethylene glycol attachment to form Asparaginase retains its antitumor effect while possessing the no immunogenicity effect. Altogether, this motivates the animal enzymes utilization which is relative to their microbial origin at a reasonable cost.
The lifetime of these enzymes is very short. Hence a small degree is needed but of very pure quality. Enzymes have been proved very useful regarding treating cancer. ELISA is a test performed by using enzymes to find out if viruses are present in your blood. This test is very prominent in the medical field as it helps doctors understand if they have diseases like AIDS, syphilis, etc.